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Friday, August 18, 2017

Civil Wedding in the Philippines : Legality, Requirements and Process



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Civil wedding is a legal binding law on marriage no lesser than the church wedding, only at a lesser cost. It is usually conducted by a judge and can also be performed by a mayor of a municipality or a city. Many Filipinos resort on this alternative due to tight budget and much quicker preparation. Submit the needed requirements, provide witnesses and your wedding is set.

 Legality
A marriage whether civil or at the church is valid provided that it meets all the requisites under the Family Code. 
Requirements
1. Marriage License – is the most important document you needed to secure before a wedding, whether civil or church ceremony.
  • Certified True Copy of NSO Birth Certificate of  both parties (1 original and 2 photocopies)
  • Affidavit of Parental Advice (for 21 yrs. old to 24 yrs. old)
  • Affidavit of Parental Consent (for 18 yrs. old to 20 yrs. old)
  • Certificate of No Marriage (CENOMAR)or Certificate of Singleness (1 original and 1 photocopy)
  • Certificate of Attendance in Pre-Marriage Counseling, family planning, and responsible parenthood seminar (from DSWD and MHD)
  • Community Tax Certificate or Cedula (1 original and 2 photocopies)
  • Barangay Clearance / Certificate (1 original and 1 photocopies)
  • At least 2 valid IDs
  • Recent 1×1 photo (colored or black and white)
  • Marriage License Application form (issued by the LCR office)
  • Divorced Paper/ Annulment Paper (if divorced/ annuled)
  • Death Certificate (if widow/ widower)
  • Legal capacity to marry issued by the Embassy (if foreigner)
  • Xerox copy of foreigner’s passport (if foreigner)
2. Certified True Copy of NSO Birth Certificate and Baptismal Certificate of both parties
3. Community Tax Certificates (CEDULA) of both applicants.
4. 1 ID photo (colored background or black and white) of each applicant
5. Certificate of Attendance to a wedding seminar. First and foremost, the legal offices encourage and require couples to attend a pre-wedding and a family planning seminar conducted at the City Hall. Before you can claim your Marriage license, you must have completed this seminar. 
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Letter of Intent to Marry
 This letter should express both parties' intent to marry and the name of your fiancée, your signature and your suggested wedding dates.

Other requirements: 
  • If widowed, Certified True Copy of Death Certificate o deceased spouse. 
  • If divorce or annulled, a copy of Final Decree of Absolute Divorce or Court Decision and Absolute Decree of Finality from the court. 
  • For foreigners, Certificate of Legal Capacity to Marry (or Certificate of No Impediment issued by the consular office / embassy of the foreigner’s country and a photocopy of passport (showing the date of Arrival and Data) 


The Process
After meeting all the needed requirements for your wedding, all you need to do is go through the process which may just take a while.

Step 1
Go to your civil registrar’s office to apply and pay the required fees. Make sure to deal only with the Civil Registrar’s Office.

Step 2
Proceed to the Mayor’s office and submit the Letter of Intent to Marry together with the marriage license to the secretary.

Step 3
Wait for the confirmation that you suggested wedding dates are available. If you have preferred venue, seek the approval of your chosen officiate first.

Step 4
Find at least two people within the legal age who will serve as your witnesses. A parent or a guardian is required if either of the parties are under the legal age of 18.

Step 5
During your wedding day, you need to pay a filing fee which usually costs 100 pesos. This is to enable them to forward their own duplicate of the marriage contract to the local civil registrar.

Step 6
Proceed to the official civil wedding ceremony.

Whether its a  simple civil wedding or a luxurious wedding at a famous cathedral, all that matters is your genuine love for each other.

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