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Wednesday, May 17, 2017

List of Traffic Violations and Penalties in the Philippines + 10 Things You Need To Know About Anti-Distracted Driving Act

In a case of apprehension due to a traffic violation, it is important that you know your offense and how much is your penalty according to law. It is because there are still "kotong cops" on the road that are ready to victimize you because of your ignorance.  The Department of Transportation and Communication together with the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board and the Land Transportation Office (LTO) has released a joint administrative order that revised and increased the fines and penalties in the traffic violation in the Philippines.




(Watch: Dagdag Pang Bawal / Mga laruan sa dashboard at nakasabit gaya ng charms at air freshener)



(Watch: Dagdag Multa sa mga traffic violators, ipinatupad na)

In a case of apprehension due to a traffic violation, it is important that you know your offense and how much is your penalty according to law. It is because there are still "kotong cops" on the road that are ready to victimize you because of your ignorance.

The Department of Transportation and Communication together with the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board and the Land Transportation Office (LTO) has released a joint administrative order that revised and increased the fines and penalties in the traffic violation in the Philippines.


The following are the top 10 most common traffic violation with penalties in the Philippines. This is under the Under the Joint Administrative Order 2014-01of the DOTr and LTO.

The complete list of traffic violations and penalties under this EO is posted bellow in PDF format from Department of Transporation (DOTr) website - www.dotr.gov.ph.

1. Driving without a valid driver's license - P3,000

2. Driving a motor vehicle used in committing a crime - P10,000

3. Reckless driving

  • P2,000 - First Offense
  • P3,000 - Second Offense 
  • P10,000 - Third Offense 
4. Failure to wear seatbelts
  • P1,000 - First offense 
  • P2,000 - Second offense 
  • P5,000 - Third offense

(Watch:Fines for violating the traffic laws, increased)




5. Failure to carry a driver's license or the vehicle's certificate of registration or official receipt while driving a motor vehicle - P1,000

6. Driving an unregistered motor vehicle - P10,000

7. Unauthorized vehicle modification, including the change of color "and other unauthorized modifications of the standard manufacturer's specifications" - P5,000 plus the vehicle will be impounded and released only upon correction of the defect and the payment of the fine

8. Operating a motor vehicle without or with defective/improper/unauthorized accessories, devices, equipment, and parts - P5,000 plus the vehicle will be impounded until the accessory, device, equipment or part is properly installed, corrected or removed depending on the offense and the fine has been paid. Any improper or unauthorized device will also be confiscated in favor of the government;

9. Driving a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol, dangerous drugs and or similar substance - P10,000



10. Failure to wear standard protective motorcycle helmet or failure to require the back rider to wear standard protective motorcycle helmet

  • P1,500 - First Offense
  • P3,000 - Second Offense
  • P5,000 - Third Offense
  • P10,000 -Fourth and Succeeding Offense

The Joint Administrative Order of DOTr and LTO regarding revised schedule of fines and penalties for traffic violations 


On the other hand, whether we like it or not, since it is passed into law, the Anti Distracted Driving Act will be implemented nationwide starting May 18!

(Anti-Distracted Driving Act, ipatutupad na)



As a motorist, here are 10 things about the law you need to know.


1. What is Anti-Distracted Driving Act or Republic Act 10913?



This is a new law that prohibits a motorist from using communication devices and other electronic entertainment and computing gadgets while vehicles are in motion or temporarily stopped on a traffic light or an intersection.



2. What vehicles are covered?


Both private and public vehicles are covered in this act together with the following;
  • agricultural machinery
  • construction equipment
  • bicycles
  • pedicabs
  • trolleys
  • “habal-habal”
  • “kuligligs”
  • wagons
  • carriages
  • carts or other vehicles that may either be human-powered or pulled by an animal as long as the same are operated or driven in public thoroughfares, highways or streets.
3. What does this law prohibit?

Prohibited acts made while driving includes but not limited to:
  • making or receiving calls
  • writing
  • sending or reading text-based communications
  • playing games
  • watching movies
  • performing calculations
  • reading e-books
  • composing messages
  • surfing or browsing the internet. 
4. What are the actions exempted from this law?

Motorists are allowed to use their devices to make or take emergency calls to authorities in cases of a crime, accidents, bomb or terrorist threat, fire or explosion, instances needing immediate medical attention, or when personal safety and security is compromised.

5.Are hands-free devices like microphones and earphones allowed?

Yes. Motorists can use the aid of hands-free function and applications as long as these do not interfere with the driver’s line of sight. This means that no communication or electronic gadget should be affixed on the car’s dashboard and steering wheel. In addition, drivers are only allowed to wear earphones when making or receiving calls. Using earphones to listen to music falls under “similar acts” in Section 4B of the law, in addition to reckless driving violation penalized under other relevant laws.

6. Is navigational apps like Waze and Google Maps allowed while driving? 

Yes. Although motorists are being advised to set their preferred destination on these applications prior to their departure. Gadgets with these applications may be installed in areas that will not obstruct the driver’s view. In cases when motorists need to find alternate routes while in traffic, they are advised to first pull their vehicles aside. 

7. Who are authorized to apprehend violating motorists?

The DOTr - Land Transportation Office (LTO) is the lead implementing agency of the Act. The LTO also has the authority to deputize members of the PNP, MMDA, and LGUs to carry out enforcement functions and duties.

8. How will we know if drivers of private vehicles with heavily tinted windshields are violating the law?

Aside from high-definition cameras that can monitor lights from devices inside heavily-tinted vehicles, the law will also be strictly enforced by enforcers on the ground who were well-trained to determine from the movement of the vehicle whether or not a driver commits distracted driving.

9. What are the penalties?
  • First offense - P5,000
  • Second offense - P10,000
  • Third offense - P15,000 with a three-month suspension of driver’s license. 
Violations incurred beyond the third offense shall be penalized with the revocation of driver’s license and a fine of twenty thousand pesos (P20,000).

10. Are operators of Public Utility Vehicles (PUV) also liable for violations made by drivers?

Yes. Operators and owners of Public Utility Vehicles (PUV) and other commercial vehicles shall both be held liable for the violations committed by their drivers.

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