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Thursday, February 28, 2019

Early Humans Discovered To Exist In The Philippines About 700,000 Years Ago— New Discovery

Early humans roaming east Asia more than half-a-million years ago may be appear to be clever enough to build a vessel and curiously cross an open sea to be able to reach the Philippines.

It may seem evident from the discovery in the Philippines of a rhinoceros skeleton and the stone tools probably used to carve away its meat, according researchers.
Early humans roaming east Asia more than half-a-million years ago may be appear to be clever enough to build a vessel and curiously cross an open sea to be able to reach the Philippines.   It may seem evident from the discovery in the Philippines of a rhinoceros skeleton and the stone tools probably used to carve away its meat, according researchers.    Ads    The discovery pushes back the arrival of the first homo species on the island chain ten-fold to 700,000 years ago,as reported in the journal Nature.  Earlier archaeological clues from Luzon island -- tools at one site, prehistoric animals remains at another --suggestive of the presence of primitive human species, indicating Homo-erectus and Homo floresiensis probably populated the Indonesian archipelago during the same period.  But to date, the earliest confirmed evidence of hominins -- the scientific term used to group modern and early humans -- in the Philippines came from a, 67,000-year old foot bone unearthed in the Sierra Madre Mountains.  "We had the extraordinary luck to find a nearly complete, disarticulated rhinoceros," said Thomas Ingicco, a paleoanthropologist at France's National Museum of Natural History and lead author of the study.  Analysis of the bones from the extinct species -- Rhinoceros Philippinensis -- left no doubt "that it showed ridges left by tools," Ingicco added.  Some of the cut marks were made while removing flesh, while others came from specialized tools designed to remove bone marrow.  Ingicco and his colleagues also uncovered the skeletal remains of other potentially tasty critters, including brown deer, monitor lizards, freshwater turtles and stegodons, extinct mammals combining elephant and mammoth features.  Rhino carpaccio "We know that some species of human ate this rhino," said Ingicco. "But we don't know if they killed if first, or found the carcass."  All told, the Kalinga site in northern Luzon's Cagayan Valley yielded more than 400 bones and several dozen of ancient tools, including 49 knife-like flakes and two hammers.  "This evidence pushes back the proven period of colonialization of the Philippines by hundreds of thousands of years," the authors concluded.  Several dating techniques applies to the rhino remains determined its age at between 631,000 and 777,000 years, putting it in a period known as the Pleistocene.  With no direct trace of the humans who butchered the animals, researchers could only speculate on who they were and how they got there.  It is also possible that the butchers of Kalinga had already evolved into a distinct sub-species, as likely happened to the "hobbit" of Flores, diminutive humans named for the Indonesian island where they were first found.  As for how "Kalinga Man" made it across what is today 1,000 kilometers (620 miles) of open ocean between Luzon and mainland Asia, the authors doubt they fashioned a raft or other sea-worthy vessel.   "The colonialization could have happened 'accidentally' after a tsunami ripped up the coastline and created a temporary land bridge, a rare but documented phenomenon," said Ingicco.
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The discovery pushes back the arrival of the first homo species on the island chain ten-fold to 700,000 years ago,as reported in the journal Nature.

Earlier archaeological clues from Luzon island -- tools at one site, prehistoric animals remains at another --suggestive of the presence of primitive human species, indicating Homo-erectus and Homo floresiensis probably populated the Indonesian archipelago during the same period.

But to date, the earliest confirmed evidence of hominins -- the scientific term used to group modern and early humans -- in the Philippines came from a, 67,000-year old foot bone unearthed in the Sierra Madre Mountains.

"We had the extraordinary luck to find a nearly complete, disarticulated rhinoceros," said Thomas Ingicco, a paleoanthropologist at France's National Museum of Natural History and lead author of the study.

Analysis of the bones from the extinct species -- Rhinoceros Philippinensis -- left no doubt "that it showed ridges left by tools," Ingicco added.

Some of the cut marks were made while removing flesh, while others came from specialized tools designed to remove bone marrow.

Ingicco and his colleagues also uncovered the skeletal remains of other potentially tasty critters, including brown deer, monitor lizards, freshwater turtles and stegodons, extinct mammals combining elephant and mammoth features.

Rhino carpaccio
"We know that some species of human ate this rhino," said Ingicco. "But we don't know if they killed if first, or found the carcass."

All told, the Kalinga site in northern Luzon's Cagayan Valley yielded more than 400 bones and several dozen of ancient tools, including 49 knife-like flakes and two hammers.

"This evidence pushes back the proven period of colonialization of the Philippines by hundreds of thousands of years," the authors concluded.

Several dating techniques applies to the rhino remains determined its age at between 631,000 and 777,000 years, putting it in a period known as the Pleistocene.

With no direct trace of the humans who butchered the animals, researchers could only speculate on who they were and how they got there.

It is also possible that the butchers of Kalinga had already evolved into a distinct sub-species, as likely happened to the "hobbit" of Flores, diminutive humans named for the Indonesian island where they were first found.

As for how "Kalinga Man" made it across what is today 1,000 kilometers (620 miles) of open ocean between Luzon and mainland Asia, the authors doubt they fashioned a raft or other sea-worthy vessel.

"The colonialization could have happened 'accidentally' after a tsunami ripped up the coastline and created a temporary land bridge, a rare but documented phenomenon," said Ingicco.

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In the real world, availing loans is sometimes inevitable. Financial problems often come unannounced and if you do not have enough savings, you most probably end up getting a loan from a friend, a loan company or a bank. Many overseas Filipino workers (OFW), for example, avail loans specifically designed for people working abroad and seafarers.   https://www.jbsolis.com/2019/02/move-to-these-places-and-get-paid-if.html    Ads    In the society we live in, applying for a loan correlates to debt. In reality, loans actually help people build and establish a credit history to which banking and finance companies refer.   In applying for a loan, whether from a loan company or from a bank, having a good credit history helps you to be approved quickly.    However, there are many types of loans designed for specific needs. Terms and conditions in each type are also different.  In this article, we will break down for you the types of loans and help you decide which ones do you need.   OFW loan – OFW loans work similarly as personal loans but are specifically offered to overseas Filipino workers with valid contracts. A co-borrower or immediate relative based in the Philippines is required. It usually has flexible payment terms to accommodate the specific needs of OFWs and their families.   Personal loan – Personal loans are usually unsecured loans, which means it’s based purely on an individual’s credit score and does not require any collateral, unlike secured loans. The interest rates may range from 1.2 percent to 8 percent, depending on the financial institution. Payment terms are typically shorter, from six to 60 months.  Car loan – Car loans are for people who don’t have enough cash to shoulder the full purchase of a vehicle. It has flexible payment terms of three to five years. To apply for a car loan, simply submit valid IDs and proof of income to get pre-approved. It may be required to have the down payment for the car to get approved.  Business loan – Business loans can be used for a new business or the expansion of an existing one. Examples are line credit, equipment loan, and conventional business loan. Terms depend on the nature of the business and the agreement between the borrower and the lender.  Home loan – Housing loan interest rates are decided between the borrower and the financial institution, with payment terms ranging from five to 30 years. The lender maintains property rights as collateral, and an appraisal fee typically applies.  Credit cards or cash advances – Cash advances are short-term loans with higher interest rates and are typically paid for the following month. Some credit card companies offer longer terms, from three to 12 months. The amount a person can borrow depends on their credit limit.

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